Pneumatic systems are used extensively in a variety of different industries, playing an important role in the performance of various mechanical processes. In this informative article, Best Pneumatic Systems covers everything you need to know about pneumatic systems. From exploring the many benefits of pneumatic systems to providing a comprehensive understanding of how they work, this is your definitive guide for the use of pneumatic systems in the industry.
WHAT ARE PNEUMATIC SYSTEMS?
Let’s begin by offering a simple explanation as to what pneumatic systems are. On a basic level, pneumatic systems use compressed air to transmit and control energy. They perform a similar function to hydraulic systems, only instead of hydraulic fluid, pneumatic systems deal with compressed air and gasses.
As for what is meant by compressed air, this is air from the atmosphere which is reduced in volume by means of compression. This subsequently results in an increase of pressure.
HOW DO PNEUMATIC SYSTEMS WORK?
Most pneumatic systems will rely on a constant supply of compressed air in order to work and this comes from air compressors. The compressor pulls in air from the atmosphere and will store it within a high-pressure tank called a receiver. Once the air has been compressed, it will then be supplied to the system through a series of pipes and valves, by acting on a piston.
The compressed air is used as a working medium. This will normally be at a pressure of between 6 kg/sqm and 8 kg/sqm. As a result, pneumatic systems can develop a maximum force of up to 50kn.
For example, when an engineer begins to operate a pneumatic system, air is pulled into a compressor and forced through lines to different tools. The compressed air pulled into the system will actuate pistons and shafts, forcing them to move.
WHY USE PNEUMATIC SYSTEMS?
Manufacturing facilities opt to use compressed air to drive factory automation as opposed to electricity because of lower upfront and ongoing maintenance costs. Therefore, the popularity of pneumatic systems within these industries is owed to them being more cost-effective for executing mechanical motions. When compared with electric actuators, it’s hard to beat the simplicity and reliability of pneumatic systems.
The method of power transmission offered by pneumatics is often the best way to move parts and tooling within industrial machines. These pneumatic systems are capable of performing a multitude of tasks in automated equipment, from clamping and gripping to positioning and stacking. Furthermore, pneumatic systems are also capable of adaptive uses, such as pressing or tensioning, and each can include closed-loop control for extra precision.
Pneumatic systems are used in all types of assembly and fabrication applications. They can be installed to move items on assembly lines and in maintenance facilities to move items. Pneumatics can also be used with heavy machinery like drills, due to the repetitive action that pneumatics supply.
BENEFITS OF PNEUMATIC SYSTEMS
First and foremost, pneumatic systems are highly effective. Using compressed air is not restricted by distance, meaning it can be easily transported through pipes. In addition, with an unlimited supply of air in the atmosphere, pneumatics can easily generate source power.
After use, compressed air can be released directly back into the atmosphere without the need of processing, making it economically sound. Coupled with the fact that the operation of pneumatic systems does not produce pollutants, this makes them an extremely environmentally friendly option.
Pneumatic systems also have the benefit of being highly durable and reliable. Their system components, in particular, are extremely hard-wearing when compared to electromotive ones. The simplistic design of pneumatic systems allows linear or angular rotational movement with variable operational speeds. Concerning speeds, the rectilinear and oscillating movement of pneumatic systems are also easily adjustable and subject to fewer limitations than others.
But perhaps the main benefit of using pneumatic systems is their cost-effectiveness. Owing to the lower maintenance fees stated earlier, their longevity assures that costs of upkeep and repair are significantly lower than most other systems available on the market.
If you’d like to find out more about our pneumatic systems, please contact Best Pneumatic Systems today on 01254 395000 or email [email protected]. We are ready and willing to give you the best possible advice and guidance.